Musthafa O. Mavukkandy


Post-Doctoral Fellow, Centre for Membrane and Advanced Water Technology, Khalifa University, Abu Dhabi, UAE
Ph.D., Interdisciplinary Engineering, Khalifa University, Abu Dhabi, UAE
M.Tech. Environmental Engineering and Management, Pondicherry University, Pondicherry, India
MSc. Environmental Technology, Cochin University of Science and Technology, Cochin, India
BSc Chemistry, Kannur University, Kannur, India


Musthafa completed his doctoral degree under the guidance of  Prof. Arafat. His research focused on synthesizing, characterizing, and testing novel membranes with incorporated nano-materials. These membranes were used in membrane distillation, reverse osmosis, and MBR applications.

Musthafa received his Bachelor in Chemistry (2009) from Kannur University and then completed his Master in Environmental Technology (2011) from Cochin University of Science and Technology. During his MSc, he has worked on the evaluation and redesign of river water quality monitoring networks through a multivariate statistical approach under the supervision of Prof. S. Karmakar (IIT Bombay). After completing his MSc, he pursued an MTech in Environmental Engineering and Management at Pondicherry University. As an MTech student, he synthesized gold, silver, platinum monometallic and bimetallic nanoparticles through a biomimetic approach under the guidance of Dr. Tasneem Abbasi and Prof. S.A Abbasi.


M.O. Mavukkandy, S.A. McBride, D.M. Warsinger, N. Dizge, S.W. Hasan, H.A. Arafat, Thin film deposition techniques for polymeric membranes– A review, J. Memb. Sci. (2020) 118258 (doi link)

M.O. Mavukkandy, C.M. Chabib, I. Mustafa, A. Al Ghaferi, F. AlMarzooqi, Brine management in desalination industry: From waste to resources generation, Desalination. 472 (2019) 114187 (doi link)

M.O. Mavukkandy, M.R. Bilad, J. Kujawa, S. Al-Gharabli, H.A. Arafat, On the effect of fumed silica particles on the structure, properties and application of PVDF membranes, Sep. Purif. Technol. 187 (2017) 365–373 (doi link)

M.O. Mavukkandy, M.R. Bilad, A. Giwa, H.A. Hasan, S.W. Arafat, Leaching of PVP from PVDF/PVP blend membranes: impacts on membrane structure and fouling in membrane bioreactors, J. Mater. Sci. 51 (2016) 4328–4341 (doi link)

M.O. Mavukkandy, Q. Zaib, H.A. Arafat, CNT/PVP blend PVDF membranes for the removal of organic pollutants from simulated treated wastewater effluent, J. Environ. Chem. Eng. 6 (2018) 6733–6740 (doi link)

M.O. Mavukkandy, S. Karmakar, P.S. Harikumar, Assessment and rationalization of water quality monitoring network: a multivariate statistical approach to the Kabbini River (India), Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. 21 (2014) 10045–10066 (doi link)

M.O. Mavukkandy, S. Chakraborty, T. Abbasi, S.A. Abbasi, A Clean-Green Synthesis of Platinum Nanoparticles Utilizing a Pernicious Weed Lantana, Am. J. Eng. Appl. Sci. 9 (2016) 84–90 (doi link)

S. Al-Gharabli, M.O. Mavukkandy, J. Kujawa, S.P. Nunes, H.A. Arafat, Activation of PVDF membranes through facile hydroxylation of the polymeric dope, J. Mater. Res. 32 (2017) 4219–4231 (doi link)

E. Guillen-Burrieza, M.O. Mavukkandy, M.R.R. Bilad, H.A.A. Arafat, Understanding wetting phenomena in membrane distillation and how operational parameters can affect it, J. Memb. Sci. 515 (2016) 163–174 (doi link)

N. Thomas, M.O. Mavukkandy, S. Loutatidou, H.A. Arafat, Membrane distillation research & implementation: Lessons from the past five decades, Sep. Purif. Technol. 189 (2017) 108–127 (doi link)

M.R. Bilad, E. Guillen-Burrieza, M.O. Mavukkandy, F.A. Al Marzooqi, H.A. Arafat, Shrinkage, defect and membrane distillation performance of composite PVDF membranes, Desalination. 376 (2015) 62–72 (doi link)

S. Al-Gharabli, J. Kujawa, M.O. Mavukkandy, T.A. Agbaje, E.M. Hamad, H.A. Arafat, Covalent surface entanglement of polyvinylidene fluoride membranes with carbon nanotubes, Eur. Polym. J. 100 (2018) 153–164 (doi link)

S. Al-Gharabli, J. Kujawa, M.O. Mavukkandy, H.A. Arafat, Functional groups docking on PVDF membranes: Novel Piranha approach, Eur. Polym. J. 96 (2017) 414–428 (doi link)

A. Giwa, S. Chakraborty, M.O. Mavukkandy, H.A. Arafat, S.W. Hasan, Nanoporous hollow fiber polyethersulfone membranes for the removal of residual contaminants from treated wastewater effluent: Functional and molecular implications, Sep. Purif. Technol. 189 (2017) 20–31 (doi link)

D.M. Warsinger, A. Servi, G.B. Connors, M.O. Mavukkandy, H.A. Arafat, K.K. Gleason, J.H. Lienhard V, C.J. Ruiken, K.K. Gleason, J.H.L. V, Reversing membrane wetting in membrane distillation: comparing dryout to backwashing with pressurized air, (2017) (doi link)

T.A. Agbaje, S. Al-Gharabli, M.O. Mavukkandy, J. Kujawa, H.A. Arafat, PVDF/magnetite blend membranes for enhanced flux and salt rejection in membrane distillation, Desalination. 436 (2018) 69–80 (doi link)

C. Noemi Baeza Elizalde, S. Al-Gharabli, J. Kujawa, M.O. Mavukkandy, S.W. Hasan, H.A. Arafat, Fabrication of Blend Polyvinylidene fluoride/Chitosan Membranes for Enhanced Flux and Fouling Resistance, Sep. Purif. Technol. (2017) (doi link)

N.I.M. Nawi, M.R. Bilad, N.A.H.M. Nordin, M.O. Mavukkandy, Z.A. Putra, M.D.H. Wirzal, J. Jaafar, A.L. Khan, Exploiting the Interplay between Liquid-Liquid Demixing and Crystallization of the PVDF Membrane for Membrane Distillation, Int. J. Polym. Sci. 2018 (2018) 1525014 (doi link)

S. Chakraborty, S. Loutatidou, G. Palmisano, J. Kujawa, M.O. Mavukkandy, S. Al-Gharabli, E. Curcio, H.A. Arafat, Photocatalytic hollow fiber membranes for the degradation of pharmaceutical compounds in wastewater, J. Environ. Chem. Eng. 5 (2017) 5014–5024 (doi link)

M.R. Bilad, A.S. Azizo, M.D.H. Wirzal, L. Jia Jia, Z.A. Putra, N.A.H.M. Nordin, M.O. Mavukkandy, M.J.F. Jasni, A.R.M. Yusoff, Tackling membrane fouling in microalgae filtration using nylon 6,6 nanofiber membrane, J. Environ. Manage. 223 (2018) 23–28 (doi link)

R. Uma Maheswari, M.O. Mavukkandy, U. Adhikari, V. Naddeo, J. Sikder, H.A. Arafat, Synergistic effect of humic acid on alkali pretreatment of sugarcane bagasse for the recovery of lignin with phenomenal properties, Biomass and Bioenergy. 134 (2020) 105486 (doi link)

Karmakar, Subhankar and O. M. Musthafa, 2012. “Lakes and reservoir: pollution”, Chap. in- Encyclopedia of Environmental Management, Ed. Sven Gorgenson, Taylor and Francis, New York

N. Thomas, M.O. Mavukkandy, E. Farrell, H. A. Arafat, S. Chakraborty, Feedstock Availability, Composition, New Potential Resources for Biohydrogen, Biomethane, and Biobutanol Production via Biotechnological Routes, in Sustainable Biofuels Development in India, A. Chandel and R. Sukumaran (Editors), Springer Publishing Group

Savvina Loutatidou, Musthafa Mavukkandy, Sudip Chakraborty, Sustainable Desalination: Introduction, Chpt. 1, H.A. Arafat, ed. Elsevier Publishing Co., 2017 ISBN: 9780128097915

Conference Abstracts

M.O. Mavukkandy, Q. Zaib, H. A. Arafat, PVDF-SWCNT nanocomposite membranes for the adsorptive removal of organic micropollutants, 10th Intl. Desalination Workshop, Busan, Korea, 22-24 Nov., 2017

M.O. Mavukkandy, M. Bilad, H. A. Arafat, Effect of fumed silica on PVDF membrane formation by phase inversion and application in wastewater filtration, Euromembrane 2015 Conf., Aachen, Germany, 6-10 Sep., 2015 (poster).

M.O. Mavukkandy, M. Bilad, A. Giwa, S. Hasan, H. A. Arafat, Leaching of PVP from PVDF/PVP blending membrane: implication on membrane structure and fouling in membrane bioreactors, Euromembrane 2015 Conf., Aachen, Germany, 6-10 Sep., 2015 (poster).

M.O. Mavukkandy, M. Bilad, H. A. Arafat, Effects of hydrophobic fumed silica particles on the structure and performance of PVDF flat sheet membranes, 8th Intl. Workshop on Advanced Materials, Ras Al Khaimah, UAE, 21-23 Feb., 2016.

M.O. Mavukkandy, S. Gharabli, J. Kujawa, S. Chakraborty, H. A. Arafat, Chemical modification of poly(vinylidene fluoride) for hydrophilicity fine-tuning and anchoring sites creation on microporous membranes, 16th Aachener Membrane Kolloquium, Aachen, 2–3 Nov., 2016 (poster).

M. Bilad, E. Guillen-Burrieza, M.O. Mavukkandy, F. Al Marzooqi, H. A. Arafat, Effect of membrane support on PVDF membrane properties and performance in membrane distillation, 24th North American Membrane Society Conf., Houston, TX, USA, 1-5 Jun., 2014.

S. Al-Gharabli, J. Kujawa, M.O. Mavukkandy, T. Agbaje, E. Hamad, H. A. Arafat, Covalent surface entanglement of single walled carbon nanotube on polyvinylidene fluoride membranes, 11th Intl. Congress on Membranes and Membrane Processes, San Francisco, CA, USA, 29 Jul.- 4 Aug., 2017.

E. Guillen, M.O. Mavukkandy, M. Bilad, H. A. Arafat, The role of the MD operation variables in membrane wetting, Desalination for the Environment: Clean Water and Energy Conf., Rome, Italy, 22–26 May, 2016

H. A. Arafat, S. Al-Gharabli, J. Kujawa, M.O. Mavukkandy, Functional groups docking on PVDF membranes using a novel Piranha-reaction approach, Engineering with Membranes Conf., Singapore, 26-28 Apr., 2017.

Provisional Patent Application

S.W. Hassan, M. Mavukkandy, “Novel electrospun nanofiber membranes for application in antiviral masks” application No. 63045457,” Provisional Patent Application, US Application No. 63045457, June 2020

Conferences & Professional Workshops

4th international conference on desalination using membrane technology, Perth, Australia
10th international Desalination Workshop (IDW), South Korea
Writing and Publishing Scientific Papers: Workshop by Prof. Gustav Olsson
Aachener Membrane Colloquium (AMK), Germany
9th international Desalination Workshop (IDW), Abu Dhabi, UAE
International Workshop on Advanced Materials (IWAM), Ras Al-Khaima, UAE
Capacity Building For Researchers, researcher connect workshop by British Council, Abu Dhabi, UAE
World Future Energy Summit, Abu Dhabi, UAE


Supervised by Prof. Suzana Nunes, Head, Nanostructured Polymeric Membrane Laboratory, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia (July-August, 2015)